- Biblical  Chronology -
THE  KINGS  OF  ISRAEL






The chronology of the kings era is composed of four sequential periods of
130 years!  


      Saul, David & Solomon                       130  years
      to  death of Jehoiada (@ 130 yrs)           130  years
      to  fall of house of Israel                 130  years
      to  fall of house of Judah                  130  years


It spans a total of 520 years and provides the chronology of events between
the dates, 3100 to 2580 years before the Great Tribulation.

The kings period is presented under 3 headings:

                  1)  Combined Kingdom
                  2)  Divided Kingdom
                  3)  Remaining Judean Kingdom


COMBINED KINGDOM


('BT' = 'Before Tribulation')


              Saul reigns        3100 BT    1 -
                                              |
              David king, age 30yrs        41 -
                                              |
              Solomon 1st crowned          78 -
              (Adonijah incident)             |	
                                              |
              David too sick,              81 -   4th Solomon, Temple foundation begins, 
              Solomon crowned 2nd time        |                Solomon's house begins.
                                              |
              David dies full of days      91 -   Solomon old enough to reign unaided
                                              |
                                              |
                                           94 -   4th Solomon, Temple foundation complete.
                                              |                Solomon's house complete,13yrs.
                                              |  
                                 3000 BT  101 -   11th Solomon, Temple complete after 20yrs. 
                                              |
              Solomon, reign ends         130 -



* NOTES *

- Saul reigned 40 years, Acts 13:21

- David reigned 40 years over all Israel, 2Sam 5:3-4.

- Solomon reigned 40 years, 1Kings 11:42 & 2Chr 9:30.

- The first year in which Saul reigned over Israel was the year
  after he was coronated.
    - 1Sam 13:1  Saul was a son of one year when he became king
                 and in the second year he reigned over Israel.
                 (This is a revised rendering. The counting of
                 these years started with the year in which Saul
                 was anointed, the year God 'called' Saul.)
                 (NB: A number of modern translations, eg NIV &
                 NASB, have unwisely started to alter the original
                 inspired text of 1Sam 13:1 by adding a presumed
                 age and length of reign.)     

- David was crowned king over all the tribes of Israel in the year
  after Saul died.
    - In the year Saul died, David was crowned king over just the
      tribe of Judah (2Sam 2:4), while Ishbosheth (Saul's son)
      became king over the other tribes (2Sam 2:8-9).
      Ishbosheth reign spanned only 2 years (2Sam 2:10) and it was
      in the 2nd year of his reign that he was murdered and as a
      consequence David was crowned king over all the tribes of
      Israel (2Sam 5:3).

- David reigned 6 months over Judah before becoming king over all
  Israel.
    - David was king in Hebron over Judah seven years and six months,
      2Sam 5:5, 2Sam 2:11 & 1Chr 3:4.
    - David reigned in Hebron over all Israel seven years,
      1Chr 29:26-27, & 1K 2:11.

- At the time David started to reign over all Israel he was 30 years
  old, 2Sam 5:3-4.

- Solomon was crowned twice! Refer 1C29:22. 
    - 1st during the reign of David, 1K1:28-48.
    - 2nd about the time of the death of David, 1C29:28,22-23. 

- Solomon's temple - The first crowning of Solomon mentioned
                     in 1K1:28-53 was in response to Adonijah
                     (brother of Solomon) having himself crowned.
                   - The second crowning of Solomon is when David
                     passed the throne of God (the throne over
                     Israel) to Solomon, 1C29:23.
                     Note, this was also the time Solomon began
                     to build the foundation.  
                   - Solomon began to build the temple foundation
                     in the month Ziv (the second month) of the
                     4th year after the first crowning of Solomon
                     in the 480th year after the Exodus. 1K6:1
                   - In the 4th year after the second crowning of
                     Solomon (1C29:22), in the month Ziv, the
                     foundation of the temple was 'laid',
                     ie completed. 1K6:37.
                     Note, this was also the time Solomon began
                     to build upon the foundation, 2C3:2.
                     (2C3:2 is commonly rendered the 2nd day of
                     the 2nd month (the word 'day' being added),
                     but it is probable the Hebrew text is actually
                     stating that it was the 2nd month of the 2nd
                     4th yr of his reign.)
                   - While Solomon was crowned a second time it
                     appears he may have been still too young to
                     reign unaided. 1 Chron 29:1 and 1Kings 3:7.
                   - David dies 'full of days' using Psalm 90:10
                     this could be taken to mean 80 years old.
                     At this time it appears Solomon was old
                     enough to reign independantly and his 40
                     years of reign began to be counted.  
                   - In the 11th year of the reign of Solomon the
                     temple was completed. It had taken a further
                     7 years to build the house of God upon the
                     completed foundation. 1K6:37-38.
                   - In total it had taken Solomon 20 years to build
                     the house of God, 1K9:10, 2C8:1.
                     It took 13 years for Solomon to build the king's
                     house, 1K7:1.
                     (It appears Solomon started work on both houses
                     at the same time, fully completing the king's
                     house and the foundation of the house of God
                     after 13 years, in the following 7 years he
                     built the house of God.)


DIVIDED KINGDOM


         ** JUDAH **               ** ISRAEL **


         -     Rehoboam  2970 BT                 1 - 1     Jeroboam (1st Rehoboam)       -
      17 |                                         |                                     |
         -     reign ends                       17 -                                     |
                                                   |                                     |
         -     (18th Jeroboam) Abijam           18 -                                     |
       3 |                                         |                                     | 22
         -     (20th Jeroboam) Asa              20 -                                     |
                                                   |                                     |
                                                   - 22     Nabad                        -
                                                   |
   -           15th Asa covenant 2C15:10        25 -
   |                                               |
10 |     -     Asa crowned                      33 -
   |     |                                         |
   -     |     Last of 10 yrs peace             34 - 34     Nabad crowned (2nd Asa)      -
         |                                         |                                     | 2
         |     War 35th from Rehoboam           35 - 35     Baasha   (3rd Asa)           -
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 36     Baasha builds Ramah 36th yr  | 24
      41 |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 58     Elah     (26th Asa)          -
         |                                         |                                     | 2
         |                                         - 59     Zimri(27th Asa) /Omri-Tirzah -  7 days
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 63     Omri     (31st Asa?)         |
         |                                         |                                     | 12
         |                                         - 64     Omri-Samaria                 |
         |                                         |                                     | 
   -     |     Jehoshaphat                      70 - 70     Ahab     (38th Asa)          -     -
   |     |                                         |                                           |
   |     |     Asa, diseased feet 39th yr       71 -                                           |
   |     |                                         |                                           |
   |     -     (4th Ahab)  Jehoshaphat s/kg     73 -                                           | 22
   |                                               |                                           |
   |                                               - 86     1st victory over Syria             |
   |                                               |                                           |
   |                                               - 87     2nd victory over Syria             |
25 |                                               |                                           |
   |                                               - 88     start of 3yrs peace Syria          |
   |                                               |                                           |
   |            Jehoram                            - 89     Ahaziah  (17th Jehoshaphat)  -     |
   |            (wife, Athaliah, daughter of Ahab  |                                     | 2   |
   |                   granddaughter of Omri )     - 90     Jehoram,Joram  (18th Jeh.)   -     |
   |                                               |                       (2nd Jehoram) |     |
   |                                               - 91     Ahab dies in battle,Syria    |     -
   |                                               |                                     |
   |                                               - 92     Jehrm,Jehos,Edom; Elisha     |
   |                                               |                                     |
   -     -    (5th Jehoram-Israel)  s/king      94 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     | 12
       8 |    (11th Jehoram-I) Ahaziah(42+59)  100 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         -    (12th Jehoram-I) Ahaziah s/k     101 - 101    Jehu  (implied 1st Athaliah) -
         |                     Athaliah            |                                     |
       6 |                                         |                                     |
         -    reign ends                       106 -                                     |
                                                   |                                     | 28
         -    (7th Jehu)       Jehoash,Joash   107 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 128    reign ends                   -
         |                                         |
         |    (Jehoiada alive at least to 23rd)    - 129    Jehoahaz  (23rd Joash)       -
         |                                         |                                     |
      40 |    Jehoiada dies (son of 130 yrs)   130 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 143    Jehoash,Joash (37th Joash)   | 17
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 145    Jehoash s/k                  -
         |                                         |                                     |
         -    (2nd Joash)      Amaziah         146 -                                     | 16
         |                                         |                                     |
      29 |    (lived +15yrs past Jehoash 2K14:17)  - 160    Jeroboam  (15th Amaziah)     -
         |                                         |                                     |
         -    Azariah,Uzziah                   174 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         |                                     | 41
         |    Azariah crowned 27th Jeroboam    186 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 200    reign ends                   -
      52 |                                         |                                     | (GAP 11)
         |                                         - 211    Zechariah (38th Azariah)     -
         |                                         |                                     | .5
         |                                         - 212    Shallum   (39th Azariah)     -
         |                                         |        Menahem   (39th Azariah)     | 10
         |                                         |                                     | (GAP 2)
         |                                         - 223    Pekahiah  (50th Azariah)     -
         |                                         |                                     | 2
         |                                         - 224    reign ends                   -
         |                                         |
         -    reign ends                       225 - 225    Pekah     (52nd Azariah)     - 
                                                   |                                     |
         -    (2nd Pekah)      Jotham          226 -                                     |
      16 |                                         |                                     |      
         |                                         |                                     | 20
    -    |                     Ahaz            240 -                                     |
    |    |                                         |                                     |
    |    -    (17th Pekah)     Ahaz s/k        241 -                                     |
    |                                              |                                     |
    |                                              - 244     Tiglath Pileser takes land  -
    |                                              |                                     
 16 |                                              - 245     Hoshea (20th Jotham)        -    -
    |                                              |                                     |    |
    |                                              - 252     Hoshea (12th Ahaz)          -    |
    |                                              |                                     |    |
    |         (3rd Hosea)      Hezekiah        254 -                                     |    |
    |                                              |                                     | 9  | 65
    -    -                     Hezekiah s/k    255 -                                     |    | full
         |                                         |                                     |    | yrs
       6 |                                         - 258     Siege of Samaria(4th Hezk)  |    |
         |                                         |         (Shalmaneser)               |    | Isa
         |                                         |                                     |    | 7:8
         -    (9th Hoshea)H/ISRAEL FALLS2710BT 260 - 260     H/ISRAEL FALLS(6th Hezk.)   -    |
                                                   |                                          |
                                                   |                                          |
                                                   |                                          |
                                                   - +50     H/ISRAEL NOT A PEOPLE 2660 BT    -
                                                             (Esarhaddon / Osnapper)


* NOTES *


- 's/k' = sole king

- Situations encountered - co-reigns
                         - new king too young
                         - major changes in dominion.

- Reign of Asa - In the 15th year of the dominion (not reign) of Asa
                 Judah enters into a covenant with God. 2C15:10
               - War between Asa and Baasha all their days. 1K15:16,32 
               - 10 yrs peace in the time of Asa. 2C14:1 
               - War with Baasha started the 35th year of the dominion
                 (not reign) of Asa.  2Chr16:1.
               - In the 36th year of the dominion (not reign) of Asa
                 Baasha came up against Judah and built Ramah. 2C16:1-3
               - In the 39th year of the dominion (not reign) of Asa
                 he became diseased in his feet - 2C16:12.
               - Hebrew for 'reign' is Strong's 4427
                            'dominion' is Strong's 4438.

- Jehoiada lives at least to the 23rd of Jehoash, 2K12:6, a son of 130 yrs
  when he died, (ie he was a son of the Levitical priesthood under the
  divided kingdom, he himself did not reach 130 years of age) 2C24:15.

- Amaziah dies 15 yrs after Joash 2C25:25 & 1K14:17.

- There is an implied jubilee occurrence during the rulership of Jotham.
  Refer 2Chron 27:5. (Perhaps when he ruled during the time his father,
  Uzziah, was a leper.) 

- Earthquake - In the days of Uzziah, Zech 14:5. Mentioned in Amos 1:1.
               A figurative earthquake may be implied, but the actual
               event indicated is unclear.
               (It is possible the event refers to the captivity of the
               tribes East of the Jordon. 1Chron 5:26,6.
               The removal of these 2.5 tribes from the Promised Land.)    

- Isaiah 7:8 predicts that within 65 years Ephraim (ie, house of Israel)
  would 'not be a people'. This prophecy was made while Ahaz was king of
  Judah, Pekah was the king of Israel and Rezin was the king of Syria
  (Isa 7:1). The prophecy was likely made at the end of Pekah's reign,
  becuase the subsequent loss of all the land of Naphtali and the
  relocation of its people outside the Promised Land (2K 15:29) was
  probably the event which resulted in Pekah being murdered (2K 15:30).  
  While the prophecy mentioned 65 years, Samaria, the capital of the
  house of Israel, fell to Assyria some 15 years thereafter, long
  before the expiry of the 65 years.
  This indicates that a subsequent Assyrian invasion was responsible
  for relocating the remaining people of the house of Israel out of
  the Promised Land. As the Judean king Manasseh was also later taken
  captive by Assyria (2Chron 33:11) it is likely that the relocating
  of the children of Israel took place when Manasseh was taken captive.  
  (NB: A symbolic meaning for the 65 years may also be present.
       65 generations of 40 years would indicate a period of 2,600 yrs.
       While the original 65 years pertained to the House of Israel,
       the prophecy was actually stated to the king of Judah, with the
       implication that if He did not believe Judah would also meet
       a similar fate. In this chronology 2,600 years before the
       prophesied future fall of Jerusalem would roughly correspond
       with when Nebuchadnezar started to act against Judah. )   

- Assyria - Jareb,- apparently a descriptive title, 'wrangler/defender',
                    referring to Tiglath-Pileser and/or later kings
                  - Ephraim's sickness and Judah's wound Hosea 5:13
                    Ephraim's sickness - 2K15:19 and 2K17:3
                    Judah's wound - 2K16:7,8 and 2C28:16-21
                  - obtains the calf of Beth Aven, Hosea 10:6
          - Tiglath-Pileser,- mentioned in time of Menahem 2K15:19
                            - also called Pul, took tribes East of Jordon
                              1C5:26, 1C5:6
                            - takes captive part of H/Israel in the time
                              of Pekah, all the land of Naphtali 2K15:29
                            - mentioned in time of Ahaz 2K16:7, 2C28:20
          - Sargon, defeat of Egypt and Ethiopia after 3 yrs Isa 20:1
          - Shalmaneser, made Hosea vassal 2K17:3,
                         in the 4th Hezekiah besieges Samaria 2K18:9
          - Sennacherib, 14th Hezekiah 2K18:13 
          - Esarhaddon,  son of Sennacherib 2K19:37, Isa 37:38
                         brought foreigners to H/Israel Ezra 4:2
          - Osnapper,    brought foreigners to Samaria Ezra 4:10


* REFERENCES *


NAME             TIMING                          DURATION                AGE

Rehoboam                                         17 1K14:21 2C12:13      41 1K14:21 2C12:13
Jeroboam                                         22 1K14:20
Abijam           18th Jeroboam 1K15:1 2C13:1      3 1K15:2  2C13:2
Asa              20th Jeroboam 1K15:9            41 1K15:10 2C16:13
Nabad             2nd Asa 1K15:25                 2 1K15:25
Baasha            3rd Asa 1K15:33                24 1K15:33
Elah             26th Asa 1K16:8                  2 1K16:8
Zimri            27th Asa 1K16:15                 7days in Tizrah
                                                    1K16:15
Omri             31st Asa 1K16:23                12 In Tizrah 6
                                                    1K16:23
Ahab             38th Asa 1K16:29                22 1K16:29
Jehoshaphat       4th Ahab 1K22:41               25 1K22:42              35 1K22:42
Ahaziah - Isr    17th Jehoshaphat 1K22:51         2 1K22:51
Jehoram - Isr    18th Jehoshaphat 2K3:1          12 2K3:1
                  2nd Jehoram-Jud 2K1:17
Jehoram - Jud     5th Joram-Isr 2K8:16            8 2K8:17 2C21:5        32 2K8:17 2C21:5
                                                    2C21:20                 2C21:20
Ahaziah - Jud    12th Joram-Isr 2K8:25            1 2K8:26 2C22:2        22 2K8:26
                 11th Joram-Isr 2K9:29                                   42 2C22:2
Athaliah                                          6 2K11:3
Jehu                                             28 2K10:36
Jehoash - Jud     7th Jehu 2K12:1                40 2K12:1 2C24:1         7 2C24:1
                                                                          7th ? 2K12:4
Jehoahaz         23rd Joash-Jud 2K13:1           17 2K13:1
Joash - Isr      37th Joash-Jud 2K13:10          16 2K13:10
Amaziah           2nd Joash-Isr 2K14:1           29 2K14:2 2C25:1        25 2K14:2 2C25:1
Jeroboam II      15th Amaziah 2K14:23            41 2K14:23
Azariah          27th JeroboamII 2K15:1          52 2K15:2 2C26:3        16 2K15:2 2C26:3
Zechariah        38th Azariah 2K15:8              6mths 2K15:8
Shallum          39th Uzziah(?) 2K15:13           1mth  2K15:13
Menahem          39th Azariah 2K15:17            10 2K15:17
Pekahiah         50th Azariah 2K15:23             2 2K15:23
Pekah            52nd Azariah 2K15:27            20 2K15:27
Jotham            2nd Pekah 2K15:32              16 2K15:33 2C27:1       25 2K15:33 2C27:1
                                                    2C27:8                  2C27:8
Ahaz             17th Pekah 2K16:1               16 2K16:2 2C28:1        20 2K16:2 2C28:1
Hoshea           12th Ahaz 2K17:1                 9 2K17:1
                 20th Jotham 2K15:30
Hezekiah          3rd Hoshea 2K18:1              29 2K18:2 2C29:1        25 2K18:2 2C29:1


REMAINING JUDEAN KINGDOM


         -          7th of Hezekiah              1 -         H/Israel without a king
         |                                         |
         |          14th of Hezekiah             8 -
     +23 |                                         |
         |          ** Jubilee ** 2700 BT       10 - 
         |                                         |
         -          Manasseh s/k                23 -
         |                                         |
         |          Manasseh captive            50 - 50      H/ISRAEL NOT A PEOPLE 2660 BT
      55 |                                         |         (Esarhaddon / Osnapper)
         |          Manasseh released (Jubilee) 60 -
         |                                         |
         -          Ammon                       77 -
       2 |                                         |
         -          Josiah                      78 -
         |                                         |
      31 |                                         |
         |          Josiah 13th                 90 - 90      1st Jeremiah (13th Josiah)  -
         |                                         |                                     |
         -          Jehoahaz                   108 -                                     |
     .25 |                                         |                                     | 23
         -          Jehoiakim                  109 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |          Jehn-1st reign             110 -                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 111     Daniel/Jehn taken           |
         |                                         |                                     |
      11 |                                         - 112     4th Jehkm,23rd Jer(1st Neb) -
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 113     Daniel tested (2nd Neb)     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         |                                     |
         -          Jehn-2nd reign                 - 119     8th Neb, Captivity          | 19
                                                   |                                     |
         -          Zedekiah                   120 - 120     30th Jer, 5th Jehn          |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 122     Jehn release                |
      11 |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 123     To Babylon 4th yr,Jer51:59  |
         |                                         |                                     |
         |                                         - 128     Jerusalem besieged          |
         |                                         |                                     |
         -          JERUSALEM BREACHED 2580 BT 130 - 130     JERUSALEM DESOLATED         -
                                                             (19th Neb, 12th captivity)



* NOTES *


- A Jubilee falls in the reign of Hezekiah, refer 2K19:29 & Isa 37:30.
            Timing - In the 14th year of Hezekiah, Hezekiah gives tribute
                     to Sennacherib king of Assyria by taking gold from
                     the doors of the temple of the LORD, 2K18:13-16.
                   - Because of this God smote Hezekiah with sickness.
                     However, Hezekiah repented and God promised to extend
                     Hezekiah's life another 15 years (length of reign 29
                     years = 14 + 15 yrs) and deliver him from Assyria.
                     2K20:1-11.
                   - In the 15th year of Hezekiah, Hezekiah apparently
                     fails to pay an annual tax to Assyria and Sennacherib
                     sends his army against Jerusalem, 2K18:17-20.
                   - At this time God assures Hezekiah of deliverance
                     through the prophet Isaiah. According to the words of
                     Isaiah this 15th year is a land Sabbath year and the
                     following year (the 16th of Hezekiah) is also a year
                     of land rest (ie, a Jubilee year).
                   - At 2700 BT, this would be the 16th Jubilee year if
                     the first Jubilee was celebrated 50 years after the
                     Exodus, ie at 3450 BT. (When the land of Canaan was
                     considered to be under Israelite control).               

- During the reign of Manasseh, God delivered up this king to captivity
  under the hand of a king of Assyria (2 Chr 33:11), presumably at the
  same time that the rest of the people of the house of Israel were
  relocated. (When Esarhaddon settled foreigners in the territory of
  the house of Israel, Ezra 4:2.) 
  2 Chr 33:13 records the return of Manasseh to Jerusalem and this,
  presumably, would have occurred 10 years later at the time of the
  next Jubilee.   

- The latter years of the kings of Judah are normally presented,
  as they are above, as essentially being composed of 31 years for
  Josiah followed by 11 years for Jehoiakim and after that 11 years
  for Zedekiah (adjustments being made for inclusive counting).
  However, the reader should be aware that the book of Jeremiah in
  verses 27:1,3 & 28:1 does indicate that the reigns of Zedekiah
  and Jehoiakim overlapped.
  It should also be pointed out that this is highlighted in the
  differences one finds in the accounts of Kings and Chronicles
  for this period.
      Kings      - Jehoiachin reigns after Jehoiakim dies, 2K24:6
                 - Jehoiachin reigns age 18 years for 3 months,
                   2K24:8
                 - Egypt is not a threat to Babylon, 2K24:7.
      Chronicles - Jehoiachin reigns after Jehoiakim is taken
                   away bound in bronze fetters, 2C36:6    
                 - Jehoiachin reigns age 8 years for 3 months
                   and 10 days, 2C36:9
                 - Zedekiah made to swear an oath not to call
                   upon the assistance of Egypt, 2C36:13 (also
                   refer Ezek 17:13&15).
  [ NB: Such an overlap, if is exists, would normally effect the
        overall chronology, but it seems there is reason to believe
        it would be compensated for by;
             - a delay in Josiah claiming the throne, note his
               young age when crowned and the fact that it was
               the people (and not him) who judged his father's
               murders, 2K21:24.
             - The years when Jehoiakim was held prisoner by
               Nebuchadnezzar, 2C36:6 & 2K24:1. ]   

- The chronology of the Josiah period appears at first to be straight
  forward, ie simply a reign of 31 years. However, on closer inspection
  it can be seen that the accounts of Kings and Chronicles do not
  on the surface harmonise.
      Kings      - 18th year Book of the Law found, 2K22:1,8
                 - Covenant made 2K23:1-3
                 - Purges Judah and Israel, 2K23:4-20
                 - 18th year a great Passover observed, 2K23:22-23.    
      Chronicles - 8th year of reign begins to seek God, 2C34:3
                 - 12th year begins to purge Judah and Jerusalem,
                   2C34:3
                 - 18th year of reign Book of the Law found, 2C34:8
                   & 2C34:14
                 - Covenant made, 2C34:31.
                 - Removes abominations from the land of the house
                   of Israel, 2C34:33
                 - 18th year of dominion a great Passover observed,
                   2C35:18-19.  

- The stated ages of kings Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim and Zedekiah when they
  started to reign, 23 yrs, 25 yrs and 21 yrs respectively, are not in
  harmony with their sequence of birth.
  Jehoiakim 2nd born, Zedekiah 3rd born and Jehoahaz (also known as
  Shallum - refer Jer 22:11-12) 4th born, as clearly stated in
  1Chron 3:15.
  As the term 'son of' in Hebrew does not always relate to a persons
  age, but to a significant event in their life, it seems Zedekiah's
  age (which is too low) could relate to the year when the great
  Passover was held in the reign of Josiah.     

- The prophesying of Jeremiah began in the 13th of Josiah and the
  23rd year of his service was the 4th of Jehoiakim. Jer 25:1-3.

- Nebuchadnezzar surrounds Jerusalem 3rd Jehoiakim, Dan 1:1.
  Daniel tested 2nd Nebuchadnezzar, Dan 2:1.
    - Daniel was given 3 years of training (Dan 1:5).
        - the 3rd year of Jehoiakim was the 1st year of this training.
        - the 4th of Jehoiakim equated to the 1st of Nebuchadnezzar
          (refer Jer 25:1) and was the 2nd year of training.
        - the 2nd of Nebuchadnezzar was the 3rd year of training
          and was the year of Nebuchadnezzar's dream. 

- Nebuchadnezzar's reign is deemed to have started in the 4th year
  of Jehoiakim (refer Jer 25:1).
  However, one should note that Nebuchadnezzar is first mentioned
  one year earlier in the 3rd year of Jehoiakim, Dan 1:1.
  In the 4th year of Jehoiakim Nebuchadnezzar defeated the army of
  Pharaoh Necho, Jer 46:2. Note, that the army of Egypt reappears
  on the scene during the reign of Zedekiah, 37:1,5.  

- Jeremiah 52:28-30;   7th year of (Neb.?)   =  3,023
                      18th year of Neb.      =    832
                      23rd year of Neb.      =    745
                                                -----
                                                4,600
  Chapter 52 of Jeremiah records the above information and these
  dates do not align with those stated in other texts.
    - The captivity of Jehoiachin and his mother is recorded to
      have taken place on the 8th of Nebuchadnezzar (refer 2K24:12)
    - The captivity connected to the fall of Jerusalem took place
      on the 19th of Nebuchadnezzar (refer 2K25:8, Jer 52:12).
    - The 18th yr of Nebuchadnezzar was the 10th yr of Zedekiah
      (refer Jer 32:1) and Jerusalem was not breached until the
      11th yr of Zedekiah (2K25:1-2).
  Hence the dates indicated 7th and 18th of Nebuchadnezzar are a
  year too low. This may suggest they therefore correlate with when
  God started to deal personally with Nebuchadnezzar, when the king
  had his first dream, ie in the second year of his reign (Dan 2:2).
  Or it may reflect the different timings for the start of the reign
  of Nebuchadnezzar, ie 3rd(Dan 1:1) and 4th(Jer 25:1) of Jehoiakim.
  The 23rd date seems to relate to the subsequent captivity of the
  Israelites who fled to Egypt, refer Jer 43:11,24:8. (Since there
  is also a full 7 year period when Nebuchadnezzar is humbled,
  chapter 4 of Daniel, the actual fall of Egypt may have occurred
  in the 30th year, ie 23 + 7 years.)

- Ezekiel 33:21 states that Ezekiel heard news of Jerusalem being
  'struck down' on the 5th day of the 10th month of the 12th year
  of their captivity.

  Jerusalem had been,
          a) breached on the 9th day of the 4th month,
             (2K25:3,Jer 39:2).
          b) burnt on the 10th day of the 5th month,
             (Jer 52:12).
  Therefore, it had taken 5 months for the news to reach Ezekiel.
  But more importantly, the year Jerusalem was 'struck down' was
  the 12th year of their captivity. Since Zedekiah only reigned
  11 years (2K24:18), this indicates that Zedekiah's reign began
  in the year following the captivity of the 8th year of the reign
  of Nebuchadnezzar (2K24:12).
  The 12th year of captivity also appears to be confirmed by the
  different datings of attributed to Nebuchadnezzar,
      - Jerusalem falls 19th, but captivity on the 8th: a span
        of 12 years when counted inclusively
      - Jerusalem falls 18th, but captivity on the 7th: a span
        of 12 years when counted inclusively.
 
- Ezekiel 1:1-2, 30th of Jeremiah is the 5th of the captivity
  of Jehoiachin.

- Daniel 12:11-12, 1290 & 1335 days.
                   These equate to 2580 years and 2670 years (ie double)
                   - 2580 years = Abomination to Abomination
                                = Nebuchadnezzar and the princes in the
                                  'middle gate' (of the temple), refer
                                  Jer39:3, to the future Great Tribulation.
                   - 2670 years = House of Israel 'not a people' to the
                                  end of corrupt faith (ie the end of
                                  the Great Tribulation).
                   Note: To convert the 2670 years to provide a period
                         ending with the start of the Great Tribulation
                         deduct 10 years. House of Israel 'not a people'
                         to start of Tribulation equals 2660 years.
                         Therefore house of Israel 'not a people' to
                         Nebuchadnezzar and the princes standing in the
                         middle gate is 80 years. 

- Ezekiel chapter 4, 390 & 40 yrs
                     - 390 years = Divided kingdom to the fall of Judah
                                   (and the remnant of Israel).
                     -  40 years = Jeremiah to fall of Judah.


* REFERENCES *


NAME             TIMING                          DURATION                AGE


Manasseh                                         55 2K21:1 2C33:1        12 2K21:1 2C33:1
Ammon                                             2 2K21:19 2C33:21      22 2K21:19 2C33:21
Josiah                                           31 2K22:1 2C34:1         8 2K22:1 2C34:1
Jehoahaz,Shallum                                  3mths 2K23:31 2C36:2   23 2K23:31 2C36:2
Jehoiakim                                        11 2K23:36 2C36:5       25 2K23:36 2C36:5
Jehoiachin                                        3mths 2K24:8           18 2K24:8
                                                  3mths 10 days 2C36:9    8 2C36:9
Zedekiah                                         11 2K24:18 2C36:11      21 2K24:18 2C36:11

Jeremiah         13th Josiah Jer25:3             23 Jer25:3
                 to 4th Jehoiakim Jer 25:1
Nebuchadnezzar   4th Jehoiakim Jer 25:1          19 2K25:8,Jer52:12
                 to Fall of City 2K25:8          5th mth Jer 1:3,2K25:8





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