'PREPARATION DAY'
OF PASSOVER



Preparation Day leaven removal

Friday or 14th of Abib

Passover unleavened bread




The title 'Preparation Day' is referred to 6 times in the New Testament.
(Matt 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:14,31,42.)

When we look at the usage of the term Preparation Day
it is apparent that it is used exclusively in respect
to the day Christ died. 
day Christ died
Some consider Preparation Day is a reference to the day prior to the weekly
Sabbath, ie Friday. Others consider Preparation Day is the day leaven was
removed in preparation for the Feast of Unleavened Bread.


PRIOR TO WEEKLY SABBATH?


This view places emphasis on the understanding that the Old Testament
does not permit food preparation on the Sabbath (no baking or boiling,
refer Exodus 16:23,35:3). Therefore, prior to the Sabbath there was a
need for any food which needed cooking to be prepared in advance.


Whether this view of the 'Preparation Day' is correct can in part be
decided on whether Jesus Christ was crucified on the day before the
weekly Sabbath. If He was crucified 2 or 3 days prior to the weekly
Sabbath this view would have to be rejected.


Many feel Scripture confirms Christ died prior to a weekly Sabbath and
to confirm their viewpoint they will quote John 19:31, Luke 23:54 or
Mark 15:42.


    John  19:31  Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day,
                 that the bodies should not remain on the cross
                 on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day),
                 the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be
                 broken, and that they might be taken away.

    Luke  23:54  That day was the Preparation,
                 and the[a] Sabbath drew near.
            :55  And the women who had come with
                 Him from Galilee followed after,
                 and they observed the tomb and
                 how His body was laid.
            :56  Then they returned and prepared
                 spices and fragrant oils. And
                 they rested on the Sabbath
                 according to the commandment.
   Grave, pre-Sabbath
    Mark  15:42  Now when evening had come, because it was the
                 Preparation Day, that is, the day before the
                 Sabbath,


In John 19:31 the 'the Sabbath' is clearly identified as a 'high day',
which is another way of saying it was an annual sabbath day. From this
verse alone it is not possible to say if that day was also be a weekly
Sabbath or not.
 
Luke 23:54 and 56 mention 'Sabbath'; without any qualification and at
first this seems to be a reference to the weekly Sabbath. However, 
these verses could equally refer the annual Sabbath 'high day' that
was about to start. (NB: the word 'the' prior to 'Sabbath' is missing
in the Greek text for verse 54.) 

Mark 15:42 also does not depict the word 'the'. In this verse the text
"the day before the Sabbath", is in the Greek a single word meaning
'fore-sabbath'.
     

In summary, verses John 19:31, Luke 23:54-56 and Mark 15:42 do not prove
that Jesus Christ died before a weekly Sabbath.



Whether 'Preparation Day' could be a Scriptural reference to Friday, or
not, can partly be determined by studying further the question of what
day of the week Christ died. (Please refer to the pages which discuss
which day Jesus Christ died.)


REMOVAL OF LEAVEN!

Feast of Unleavened Bread
Jesus Christ died in the first month of the Jewish year, just prior to
the annual sabbath known as the 1st day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.


    Lev   23:6   And on the fifteenth day of the same month
                 is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD;
                 seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
            :7   On the first day you shall have a holy convocation;
                 you shall do no customary work on it.


This feast started on the 15th and for 7 days the children of Israel were
required to abstain from leavened bread. To help prevent the accidental
eating of leavened bread all leaven and leavened products were to be
removed from their houses.


    Exod  12:19  For seven days no leaven shall be found in
                 your houses, since whoever eats what is
                 leavened, that same person shall be cut off
                 from the congregation of Israel, ...


The removal of leaven took place on the day before the 7 day Feast of
Unleavened Bread began. It took place on the 14th, the day Christ died.
      
    Exod  12:15  Seven days you shall eat unleavened
                 bread. On the first[chief] day you
                 shall remove leaven from your houses.
                 For whoever eats leavened bread from
                 the first day until the seventh day,
                 that person shall be cut off from
                 Israel.
removal of leavened
The word used for 'first', which is used twice in this verse, is Strong's
reference 7223. This word means "first in place, time or rank". In Exodus
12:15 the initial usage of this word is to be understood as 'first in
rank', ie 'chief'.

The chief day is 'Passover day', the 14th. The leaven was to be removed
on the 14th prior to the start of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
This made sure no leaven could be found in their homes for the 7 days
mentioned in verses 18-19, ie 15th-21st.


One of the verses defining the 'Preparation Day' refines further the
meaning of this term.


    John  19:14  Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover,
                 ... 


The Passover is often thought of as a specific day (or more accurately
one of two specific days), but it was also a 7 day period of time which
started on the 14th and ended on the 20th. 
THE SEVEN DAY 'PASSOVER'


The Preparation Day was not just the day the Israelites removed leaven
from their homes, but it was also the day the children of Israel journeyed 
from Goshen to the city of Rameses (in PREPARATION for their journey from
Egypt).  




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