tithe

Tithing in the New Testament

tithing and God's word




Is Tithing required by the New Testament?




FREQUENTLY QUOTED VERSES


Commonly quoted scriptures:


    Matt  23:23    Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
                   For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin,
                   and have neglected the weightier matters of the
                   law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought
                   to have done, without leaving the others undone.

    Luke  11:42    But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and
                   rue and all manner of herbs, and pass by justice
                   and the love of God. These you ought to have done,
                   without leaving the others undone.

 
Christ spoke these words during His ministry and this teaching was in
harmony with the directives of the Old Covenant.


The following verse explains the position of Christ in relation to the
existing Old Covenant Law.

    Gal    4:4    But when the fullness of the time
                  had come, God sent forth His Son,
                  born of a woman, born under the law, 
            :5    to redeem those who were under the
                  law, ...
Christ planted the seeds of the New Testament while acting and speaking
in harmony with the law of the Old Covenant. It is for this reason that
He also commanded a cleansed leper to obey the law of Moses.


    Matt   8:3    ... And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
            :4    See that you tell no one; but go your way, show
                  yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that
                  Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.


The physical offering of animals does not apply under the New Testament,
so why did Christ compel this compliance with the Law of Moses?


For the same reason he compelled tithing in Matthew 23:23. The Law of
Moses was still in force during the life of Christ. It would have been
'sin' for Christ at this time to have taught against the Law of Moses!


In the Matthew 23:23 and Luke 11:42 verses Christ was not teaching
that tithing was required by the New Testament, but rather was just
re-enforcing that this was a requirement under the Old Covenant!  



OTHER NEW TESTAMENT VERSES


Looking for other tithing verses in the New Testament we do not find
any requirement for Christians to tithe.

A) A PHARISEE'S PRAYER

Tithing is mentioned in the parable of the prayers of the Pharisee and
the Tax Collector, where the Pharisee states;

    Luke  18:12  'I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that
                  I possess.'

In this illustration we have the teaching that strict obedience to the
law, and the self righteousness it can produce, amounts to less than the
display of humility by a sinner seeking mercy.
 

B) THE TITHING OF ABRAHAM

The following verses discuss the example of Abraham paying tithes to
Melchizedek and how the Levites under the Old Covenant were to receive
the tithes of the people.


    Heb    7:4   Now consider how great this man was, to whom even
                 the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils.
            :5   And indeed those who are of the sons of Levi, who
                 receive the priesthood, have a commandment to receive
                 tithes from the people according to the law, that is,
                 from their brethren, though they have come from the
                 loins of Abraham;
            :6   but he whose genealogy is not derived from them
                 received tithes from Abraham and blessed him who had
                 the promises.
            :7   Now beyond all contradiction the lesser is blessed by
                 the better.
            :8   Here mortal men receive tithes, but there he receives
                 them, of whom it is witnessed that he lives.
            :9   Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through
                 Abraham, so as to speak,
            :1   for he was still in the loins of his father when
                 Melchizedek met him.

This text and the subsequent commentary is discussing
the identity of Melchizedek and the changing of the
priesthood under the New Testament. The issue of
tithing in the time of Abraham and in the Old
Covenant is covered, but the question of tithing
in the New Testament is not clarified. However,
should the analogy of the transfer of authority
to receive tithes be extended along the lines of
the priesthood change, then this text would be
suggesting we in the New Testament would be
required to tithe directly to Christ (and not to
any type of representative).


EXAMPLE OF THE APOSTLES


If we wish to see the New Testament position in respect to tithing the
logical place to look is in the writings of the apostles.

We do not find any specific commandment for the newly converted
Christians to tithe so we have to consider verses which may suggest
this teaching prevailed at that time.   


    Acts  20:33  I have coveted no one's silver or gold or apparel.
            :34  Yes, you yourselves know that these hands have
                 provided for my necessities, and for those who
                 were with me.
            :35  I have shown you in every way, by laboring like
                 this, that you must support the weak.
       
    2Cor  11:8   I robbed other churches, taking wages from them
                 to minister to you.
            :9   And when I was present with you, and in need, I
                 was a burden to no one, for what was lacking to
                 me the brethren who came from Macedonia supplied. 
                 
          12:13  For what is it in which you were inferior to
                 other churches, except that I myself was not
                 burdensome to you? Forgive me this wrong!
            :15  And I will very gladly spend and be spent for
                 your souls; though the more abundantly I love
                 you, the less I am loved.
                 
           9:1   Now concerning the ministering to the saints, it
                 is superfluous for me to write to you;
            :2   for I know your willingness, ...
            :5   ... I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren
                 to go to you ahead of time, and prepare your
                 bountiful gift beforehand, which you had previously
                 promised, that it may be ready as a matter of
                 generosity and not as a grudging obligation.
            :6   But this I say: He who sows sparingly will also
                 reap sparingly, and he who sows bountifully will
                 also reap bountifully.
            :7   So let each one give as he purposes in his heart,
                 not grudgingly or of necessity; for God loves a
                 cheerful giver.
            :8   And God is able to make all grace abound toward
                 you, that you, always having all sufficiency in
                 all things, may have an abundance for every good
                 work.
                 
           8:12  For if there is first a willing mind, it is
                 accepted according to what one has, and not
                 according to what he does not have.
            :13  For I do not mean that others should be eased
                 and you burdened;
            :14  but by an equality, that now at this time your
                 abundance may supply their lack, that their
                 abundance also may supply your lack - that
                 there may be equality.  
                 
    1Cor   9:11  If we have sown spiritual things for you, is it
                 a great thing if we reap your material things?
            :12  If others are partakers of this right over you,
                 are we not even more? Nevertheless we have not
                 used this right, but endure all things lest we
                 hinder the gospel of Christ.
            :14  Even so the Lord has commanded that those who
                 preach the gospel should live from the gospel.
                  
    Gal    6:6   Let him who is taught the word share in all good
                 things with him who teaches.


OBSERVATIONS:

1) In these verses the apostle Paul both accepted wages from other
   congregations and also worked to supply his own needs.
2) Paul had avoided placing a monetary burden upon the Corinthian
   congregation, but this apparently had not favorably altered
   their disposition toward giving.
3) We encounter in the letters to the Corinthians considerable
   references to the collection of food Paul was organizing to
   assist the brethren in Jerusalem, due to the famine they were
   experiencing. Refer Acts 11:27-30 and Romans 15:26.
4) Giving should be balanced by the goal of 'equality', that is
   one party should not be unnecessarily burdened.
5) Those involved in preaching the gospel should be financially
   rewarded by those receiving the message.


Despite the existence of a need to assist in supporting the ministry
these verses do not clarify if the factor of 10% as suggested by the
tithing principle is applicable. In fact, from the example of Paul's
handling of the Corinthian church, we can see that the New Testament
leadership did not always request monetary assistance.  



SUMMARY


We can conclude from reviewing the New Testament scriptures that
although there is support for the sharing of material wealth with the
ministry, there is no conclusive proof in the New Testament to support
the inclusion of the Old Covenant tithing principle in Christian
teaching.


 

Introduction
Tithing
Tithe



Prophetic
Teaching on
Tithing
New Testament
Spiritual
Tithe
Why the
Spiritual Tithe
is Necessary
Financing
the
Work
Tithing
in
Genesis
Old Covenant
- Tithing
System
Old Covenant
- No 2nd or
3rd Tithe
Old Covenant
- A Tithe
of Animals?

SUMMARY



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