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400 Years After Exodus
- Saul crowned

End, a Great City

The event which marks the end of seven jubilees occurs 350 years after
the word to build Jerusalem, which would mean it occurred 400 years
after Exodus.

To identify the event concerned we need to consider the following verse.

    1 Kin  6:1    And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth
                  year after the children of Israel had come out of the
                  land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign
                  over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second
                  month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.

This verse provides us with a point in time 480 years after Exodus,
therefore it overshoots the mark by 80 years.

It is necessary to work back in time 80 years from the 4th year of
Solomon's reign. 

From 1 Kings 6:1 we notice the 4th year of Solomon was when Solomon
began to build the temple of the LORD. 

King David, Solomon's father, had wanted to build the temple.

    2 Sam  7:2    that the king said to Nathan the prophet, "See
                  now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of
                  God dwells inside tent curtains".

            :4    But it happened that night that the word of the
                  LORD came to Nathan, saying,
            :5    "Go tell My servant David, 'Thus says the LORD:
                  "Would you build a house for Me to dwell in?"

    1 Chr 28:2    Then King David rose to his feet and said, "Hear
                  me, my brethren and my people: I had it in my heart
                  to build a house of rest for the ark of the
                  covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of
                  our God, and had made preparations to build it."

David was not permitted to build this house for God.

    1 Chr 22:8    but the word of the LORD came to me, saying, "You
                  have shed much blood and have made great wars; you
                  shall not build a house for My name, because you
                  have shed much blood on the earth in My sight".   

The house of God was still to be built, but it was to be built by

    1 Chr 22:9    Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a
                  man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his
                  enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon, for
                  I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his
            :10   He shall build a house for My name, and he shall
                  be My son, and I will be his Father; ....

Nevertheless, David made extensive preparations for the house of God's

    1 Chr 22:2    So David commanded to gather the aliens who were in
                  the land of Israel; and he appointed masons to cut
                  hewn stones to build the house of God.
            :3    And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails
                  of the doors of the gates and for the joints, and
                  bronze in abundance beyond measure,
            :4    and cedar trees in abundance; for the Sidonians and
                  those from Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.
            :5    Now David said, "Solomon my son is young and
                  inexperienced, and the house that is to be built
                  for the LORD must be exceedingly magnificent,
                  famous and glorious throughout all countries. I will
                  now make preparation for it." So David made abundant
                  preparations before his death.

            :11   Now, my son, may the LORD be with you; ....
            :14   Indeed I have taken much trouble to prepare for the
                  house of the LORD one hundred thousand talents of
                  gold and one million talents of silver, and bronze
                  and iron beyond measure, for it is so abundant. I
                  have prepared timber and stone also, and you may add
                  to them.     

Even the building plans were prepared.

    1 Chr 28:11   Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the
                  vestibule, its houses, its treasuries, its upper
                  chambers, its inner chambers, and the place of the
                  mercy seat;
            :12   and the plans for all that he had by the Spirit,

With such extensive preparation, the only factor which had prevented
an earlier start to the construction was that David had been prevented
from participating. For while David was still reigning, the house of
God could not be built. From this we know the 4th year of the reign
of Solomon, the year when building began, was also the time King
David's reign ended!

The 4th year of the reign of Solomon, mentioned in 1 Kings 6:1, was
calculated from when Solomon was first crowned. The reigns of King
David and Solomon his son had overlapped by a few years.

Having established David's reign ended in the 4th year (or late in
the 3rd year) of the reign of Solomon, we need to progress back
in time 80 years.  

We know from Scripture that King David reigned a total of forty years.

    2 Sam  5:4    David was thirty years old when he began to reign,
                  and he reigned forty years.
            :5    In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and
                  six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three
                  years over all Israel and Judah.

This period of forty years is also confirmed in 1 Kings 2:11 and
1 Chron 29:27. 

Prior to David being crowned king, Saul had been king of Israel.

We can see from the following verses that David started to reign
over Judah following the death of Saul.

    2 Sam  2:3    And David brought up the men who were with him,
                  every man with his household. So they dwelt in the
                  cities of Hebron.
            :4    Then the men of Judah came, and there they anointed
                  David king over the house of Judah. And they told
                  David, saying, 'The men of Jabesh Gilead were the
                  ones who buried Saul'.

Saul also reigned forty years.

    Acts  13:21  And afterward they asked for a king; so God gave
                 them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of
                 Benjamin, for forty years.

Therefore we have arrived at the time which marks when Saul was
crowned king of Israel! 

          Exodus to 4th Solomon             480  years

          Less  Reign of David      40
                Reign of Saul       40
                                    --       80
          Exodus to Saul crowned            400  years


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