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4 beasts - lion, bear, leopard

Daniel Chapter 7
4 Beasts from the Sea

4th beast, 10 horns

The 4 beasts vision of Daniel chapter 7 are commonly explained as follows:

            Lion       =   Babylonian Empire
            Bear       =   Medo-Persian Empire
            Leopard    =   Greek Empire
            4th Beast  =   Roman Empire

This explanation of the four beasts prophecy is easily derived. In fact
it is so easily derived that anyone with a basic grasp of history could
have easily reached this arrangement.

Nevertheless, Daniel 12:4 & 9 indicate that the true meaning of all
Daniel's prophecies were 'shut up' and 'sealed'. Hidden from view until
'the time of the end'.

Scholars, have it seems, been blinded to the fact that the Daniel 7
prophecy and its supplied interpretation (Dan 7:15-27) were disguising
a more important and deeper meaning. The surface teaching, presenting
a progression of four significant empires, was actually hiding a
portrayal of the arising of four forms of 'Israel'.

To help us understand God's deeper teaching for the Daniel 7 prophecy
it is necessary to consider how it starts;

    Dan    7:2   ... the four winds of heaven were stirring
                 up the Great Sea.
            :3   And four great beasts came up from the sea,
                 each different from the other.


Most tend to read this and envisage a literal
'Great Sea'. However, it refers to a biblical
sea, a sea also symbolized by the bronze sea
located in the temple of Solomon.
Great Sea - bronze sea
    1King  7:23  And he made the Sea of cast bronze, ten cubits
                 from one brim to the other; it was completely
                 round. Its height was five cubits, and a line
                 of thirty cubits measured its circumference.
            :24  Below its brim were ornamental buds encircling
                 it all around, ten to a cubit, all the way
                 around the Sea. The ornamental buds were cast
                 in two rows when it was cast.
            :25  It stood on twelve oxen: three looking toward
                 the north, three looking toward the west, three
                 looking toward the south, and three looking
                 toward the east; the Sea was set upon them, and
                 all their back parts pointed inward.
            :26  It was a handbreadth thick; and its brim was
                 shaped like the brim of a cup, like a lily
                 blossom. It contained two thousand baths.

            :39  ... He set the Sea on the right side of the house,
                 toward the southeast.

This bronze sea was placed upon 12 bronze oxen. Oxen which faced
toward the four directions of heaven; north, west, south and east.
Three oxen facing each direction.

  [ NB: The arrangement of the oxen mimics that of the 12 tribes
        of the children of Israel, which were to stand 3 tribes
        in each direction around the tabernacle of meeting.
        Refer, Numbers chapter 2. ]

THE GREAT SEA - The great sea represents the multitude of people
supported by the national structure of the 12 tribes. (Note, Jude 13
where 'raging waves of the sea' represents people. Also in Rev 17:15
we observe the symbol 'waters' used to represent groups of people.)

The four beasts which arise from this Great Sea, arise out of Israel!

Hence, depicting four different 'kingdom' forms of Israel.

To try and identify the four beasts, one has to reflect upon the biblical
history of Israel and also consider other relevant prophecies.


          lion - 1st beast

The first beast is presented in 2 forms:

     - like a lion with eagle's wings

     - like a lion standing on 2 feet with the heart of a man.

The first form emphasizes strength and movement. The promises made
initially by God to Abraham and Isaac were the source of the strength
of Jacob and his descendants.

The main thrust of the eagle symbolism is the journeying of the children
of Israel from Egypt to the Promised Land.

    Exod  19:4   You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and
                 how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you
                 to Myself.

The second form of the lion focuses upon the time immediately following
the settlement of the children of Israel in the Promised Land. The eagle
wings were removed from the lion and it was made to stand on two feet
(presumably both sides of the river Jordan).
A man's heart was given to the lion, symbolizing a heart which was soft,
but also a heart which could rebel against God.


bear - 3rd beast

The second beast is like a bear raised up on one side with 3 ribs in its
mouth (between it's teeth). It was told to arise and devour much flesh.

In the history of Israel there is the unexpected establishment of the
ten tribed 'house of Israel'. This was established as an entirely separate
kingdom. (The other two tribes, of Judah and Benjamin, now formed the much
smaller kingdom known as the 'house of Judah'. These two tribes continued
to be ruled by the descendants of David.) Refer 1 Kings 11:9,13,29-40;
12:1-16; 2Chr 10:1-19.

And so the former 12 tribed nation of Israel came to an end and another
beast like form of Israel was formed. This ten tribed beast being likened
to that of a bear.

As the lineage of David was ruling over the house of Judah, another
lineage was selected to rule over the house of Israel. The first king
of this new form of Israel was Jeroboam (son of Nebat). Jeroboam was an
Ephraimite! (1Kin 11:26, 12:20).  

The prophecy advises that the bear was raised up on one side.

The actual text reads,

                         and to part one was set up

The translation 'and to part' is usually rendered 'and to side'.
Also, 'was set up' (or 'raised up') could indicate 'established'.

There has been a lack of clarity as to how to understand the meaning
being indicated.

The tribe of Ephraim became the dominate tribe of the 'house of Israel'.
The name of Ephraim was used to refer to the 10 tribes of the house of
Israel. Refer 2Chr 25:7, Jer 7:15, Isa 7:2 and Ezek 37:16.

There is a very important point to note about the tribe of Ephraim. It 
was to this tribe, Ephraim, that many of the Abrahamic blessings of God
were eventually passed. The promises of God having been made to Abraham
and Isaac, were later passed to Jacob (Gen 27:28-36) and Jacob passed
them to Ephraim (Gen 48:14-20, 49:22-26). (Ephraim being the second
eldest son of Joseph.)

(NB: While Ephraim received promises of great prosperity, it was
     Judah that received from Jacob the promise of kingship until
     Shiloh. Refer Gen 49:10.)

The prophecy mentions three ribs in its mouth, between the teeth of the

When the house of Israel arose, Jeroboam feared the eventual loss of his
kingdom to the kingship of the lineage of David, 1Kin 12:27. As Jeroboam
considered this to be something which was likely to occur, due to his
people travelling to Jerusalem to offer sacrifices, he made priests of
those who were not of the sons of Levi.

So those of the sons of Levi (who sought to serve the Lord God), were
compelled to depart from all the ten tribes of Israel, and relocate their
families in the kingdom of Judah. 2Chr 11:13-17.

The tribe of Levi was composed of three divisions; reflecting the three
sons of Levi - Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (NB: In respect to the
tabernacle of God each division was appointed different duties. Num

In the prophecy, we next find the bear being told to 'Arise, devour
much flesh' (ie 'meat').

The promise of an enduring kingdom was made to Jeroboam if he heeded
all the commandments of God.  Refer 1 Kings 11:37-39.

After continued failure to take a stand and obey God, failure to devour
the Word of God, the household of Jeroboam was brought to an end (1Kin
15:29-30). The same fate befell the subsequent ruling households of
Baasha (1Kin 16:11-13) and Ahab (2Kin 10:1-11).

In the end the failure of this beast to consume the Word of God caused
God to cast the ten tribed kingdom of Israel out of His sight. 2Kin
17:18, 18:11-12.


leopard - 3rd beast
The third beast was like a leopard and had 4 bird wings and 4 heads.
Dominion was given to it.

  [ NB: It may be thought that this beast should be shown with
        four pairs of wings, because of the four heads. However,
        it can be seen from other examples that wings are counted
        individually, refer Isa 6:2, Ezek 1:6, Rev 4:8 & 12:14. ]

This beast is a representation of the kingdom established by Josiah.

While Josiah was crowned the king of Judah, he also exerted his
authority over the land formerly occupied by the house of Israel.

    2Chr    34:6  And so he did in the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim,
                  and Simeon, as far as Naphtali and all around,
                  with axes.
              :7  When he had broken down the altars and the wooden
                  images, had beaten the carved images into powder,
                  and cut down all the incense altars throughout all
                  the land of Israel, he returned to Jerusalem.

    2Kings 23:19  Now Josiah also took away all the shrines of the
                  high places that were in the cities of Samaria,
                  which the kings of Israel had made to provoke the
                  Lord to anger; and he did to them according to all
                  the deeds he had done in Bethel. 

Hence the comment in Daniel 7:6, "dominion was given to it".

The arrival of King Josiah was predicted by a prophet of God hundreds
of years before Josiah's actual birth.

    1Kings 13:2  Then he cried out against the altar by the word
                 of the LORD, and said, "O altar, altar! Thus says
                 the LORD: 'Behold, a child, Josiah by name, shall
                 be born to the house of David; and on you he shall
                 sacrifice the priests of the high places who burn
                 incense on you, and men's bones shall be burned on

King Josiah was a highly noteworthy king!

    2Kings 23:25 Now before him there was no king like him, who
                 turned to the LORD with all his heart, with all
                 his soul, and with all his might, according to
                 all the Law of Moses; nor after him did any arise
                 like him.

Following the death of Josiah, four of his descendants reigned as kings
and they each experienced captivity in a foreign land. These were;

                 1)  Jehoahaz (2Kings 23:31-34)
                 2)  Eliakim renamed Jehoiakim (2Kings 23:34, 2Chr 36:6)
                 3)  Jehoiachin also named Coniah (2Kings 24:8,12)
                 4)  Mattaniah renamed Zedekiah (2Kings 24:17,25:7).

This beast is presented with two pairs of bird like wings, because
these four kings were all carried off as captives to either Babylon
or Egypt.

The line of Zerubbabel, who led the return from captivity, was traced
through King Jehoiachin (refer Matt 1:11-16.) It was through Zerubbabel
and later descendants that the life of this kingdom was preserved.


10 Horns - 4th beast

Modified image of a T. Rex used to illustrate.

The last beast was dreadful, terrible and strong and possessed huge iron
teeth. With these teeth and its feet it was devouring, breaking and
trampling what was left.

This beast is described as taking 2 forms:

     - ten horns

     - seven horns and a little horn.


This 4th beast is initially introduced with the comment, "I saw in the
night visions" (Dan 7:7). Daniel had already documented in Dan 7:1-2
that the vision came to him by night, so this later comment suggests
the beginning of a period of end-time spiritual darkening.

This 10 horn entity is described as having teeth of iron and nails of
bronze. This suggests the presence of elements of the 3rd and 4th parts
of the Daniel chapter 2 statue.

The first 3 horns appear to portray the Jewish faith - a reflection of
the three divisions of Levi who attended the tabernacle, Numbers 3:17,
The latter 7 horns, the Christian faith - a reflection of the seven
lampstands amongst which the Son of Man stands, Rev 1:12-13, and the
7 horns of the Christ lamb, Rev 6:6.

This union of 10 kings/kingdoms sets about verbally attacking other
smaller non-aligned church groups desiring to teach the word of God.

So in summary, this 4th beast appears to be a Jewish/Christian composite
of denominations, which join together with the aim of becoming the only
organisation to represent God. These, through the vehicle of this beast,
will oppress and persecute dissenting groups.


The second stage of the 4th beast arises when the little horn appears on
the scene and displaces the leaderships ('kings') of the first 3 horns.
The period 'a month and a year' expires with the appearance of the little
horn and the Great Tribulation begins.
This little horn speaks great words
and has eyes. These factors make him
greater than the remaining 7 horns,
Daniel 7:20.

This little horn brings persecution
upon the saints for the symbolic
duration of '3.5 times' (Dan 7:25).
little horn

The symbolic displacing of the 3 horns by the little horn represents
Satan gaining control of the Jewish faith. A number of other prophecies
portray this event as the end-time fall of Jerusalem. The Satanic entity
accomplishes this victory with the assistance of the 'armies' of the
seven Christian leaderships and so the ancient desire of the nations of
Syria and Ephraim (house of Israel) is fulfilled.

    Isa   7:6   Let us go up against Judah, and vex it, and
                let us make a breach therein for us, and set
                a king in the midst of it, even the son of
                Tabeal: (KJV)

Upon the expiry of the period appointed for the rulership of the little
horn, the 4th beast kingdom will be given to the saints of God.


To truly understand this Daniel 7 prophecy it is necessary to also
consider the only time period provided.

    Dan    7:12  As for the rest of the beasts, they had their
                 dominion taken away, yet their lives were
                 prolonged for a season and a time.

- A Season and a Time -

  'SEASON' - H2166
  The word 'season' in the text is being used in an indefinite  
  sense, rather than as a representation of 3 months. The word
  'season' could therefore be equally rendered 'period' or

  'TIME' - H5732
  The word 'time' is the same word found in Dan 4:16, where
  it is commonly considered to mean 'year'.  (In Daniel
  chapter seven it is also found in  verse 25, 'a time,
  times and half a time'.) It can mean a set time.

What span of time is being defined by 'a season and a time'?

A more literal translation of Daniel 7:12 is;

    Dan    7:12  And the remainder of animals, passed away the
                 authority of them, and prolonging of lives
                 was granted to them until a period and a year.

Having already considered that the first 3 horns of the 4th beast are
Jewish, suggests that this period of prolonged/lengthened life ends
when the 3 horns are removed by the little horn.

This period of time seems to be mimicked by Rev 9:15.

    Rev    9:15   And the four angels were loosed, which were
                  prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month,
                  and a year, for to slay the third part of men. 

Notice that the end of the lives of the other Daniel 7 animals
indicates a demise of lives and likewise Revelation 9:15 also
discusses the termination of lives. 

    [ NB: 1) There is an indication in the book of Zechariah
             that three shepherds are removed in a symbolic
             Zech  11:8   I dismissed the three shepherds
                          in one month.
                          My soul loathed them, and their
                          soul also abhorred me.

          2) A period of 'thirty days', ie one month, is also
             mentioned in Daniel 6:7,12. Any symbolic meaning
             would be suited to the events of the end-time. ]

The phrase 'season and a time', which is likely to match the phrase
'month and a year' (found in Rev 9:15), is intriguing.

Initially one may consider the time to equate to the time beyond
the ending of the authority of the third beast. However, the
duration could equally represent the time from the beginning
of the first beast, until the final removal of the remnants of
all three of the initial beasts. So that the 'season and time'
would represent the entire duration of the beasts and their

So let us pay attention to the wording of this verse:

    Dan    7:12  And remainder of the animals, passed away
                 the authority of them, and lengthening in
                 lives was granted to them, until a period
                 and a year.

The way a more literal translation of the Hebrew text actually reads
suggests the overall span of the lives of the three animals could be
defined as reaching to a time where they would (as a group) have aged
'a period and a year'.

[NB: This common grouping of the first three animals also indicates
     that these entities are not entirely dissimilar from each other.
     That they share a common composition, as indeed this presented
     solution depicts. ]

There are not that many viable solutions, but the following appears
to be indicated.

   season / month      30 Jubilees        1,500 years

   time   / year       40 Jubilees        2,000 years

Thirty jubilees from Exodus brings us to the time of the transition
from the Old Covenant to the New Covenant.

The time when the nation/man 'Israel' should have reached 'maturity'.
Three shepherds, Levi Priesthood - Sadducees, Pharisees and Scribes,
dismissed after 30 jubilee years.

A further generation of jubilee years would make the nation/man, ie
Israel, 70 jubilee years old.


So the final arrangement is as follows;

            Lion       =   Initial form of the nation Israel

            Bear       =   The 10 tribed formation of Israel

            Leopard    =   The reconstituted Judah led Israel

            4th Beast  =   An end-time tyrannical form of Israel

            And the remnant of the Lion, Bear and Leopard fully
            lose their lives at the close of 70 jubilees.

The arrangement presented above reflects a perspective which one
could describe as 'sealed', ie not obvious from a surface reading
of the text.

As the words of Daniel 12:4 state;

              'Daniel, shut up the words' and 'seal the book'
               ... 'until the time of the end.'

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